Reality shows – this is not a documentary. Cinéma vérité – ‘film truth’, also known as ‘Direct Cinema’? When you film someone and make them act in certain way, do certain things – it is fake, it is not real in construction. The way we film ‘reality’, the way we film it again and again, edit it and put it together – it is not real.
When we film, we should shut up and listen. Because if we interrupt and ask question we are leading the conversation in different way. It is about ethics.
1920’s documentary – implicates sound by visual use of words (for example ‘boo!’). Used to be slow, static, not many things happened.
Today documentary filmmaking changed. Do not overplay music in documentary – use it to draw attention and then make it quite to focus the attention on words. Do not overuse sad music – people get used to it, they become used to sad people and sad sound.
Software – game-changer in how we make documentary: KLYNT it is like website, and it is film. It is like interactive film, we can add more layers to the film, people can add to it (sometimes it is difficult to navigate, so it has to be user friendly).
When filming religious documentary, there are expectations which have to be acknowledge – it is again about ethics.
Filming is about making connection, build relationship, spend time with the people who we are filming… not as some media or filmmakers who go-film-film-film-disrupt-disrupt-disrupt-go. It is not ethical; it is not personal ethical – therefore it is not okay. People who we work with matter, their background and history matter, too. Narrative sometimes change, stories evolve and the filmmaker should pay attention and be sure to keep the film updated.
Choose equipment wisely! With DSLR you can shoot photos and make films also. GoPro is brilliant in not being invasive. When filming people do not put the camera in their face, they have to feel comfortable.