Being ethical in the practice as practitioner, as well as researcher. Is it ethical to being a researcher, not showing emotional response, not being empathetic? Being ethical to who?

  • Procedural ethics – ethical implicational of the project.
  • Personal ethics – how are positions in the world shape ethical practices we take.
  • Emotional ethics – the emotional drain of the researcher.

Historical ethical issues. It has quite messy history. The researches before the introduction of the ethics is fascinating because it is highly unethical. Humphry’s ‘tearoom’ study on sex in public places – observed public sex acts and then traced down participants. He disguises himself as member of public health organization and interview these people. He found that only 14% of his participants were openly gay and part of a wider community. 54% of the participants in tearoom culture were married – their ‘public’ personas were different from their intimate lives. 1970s America, incredibly conservative time, this research was really controversial of the time and challenges perceptions of who gay men were.

Ethical Dilemmas:

  • Deception – these men trusted him; he pretended to be somebody else;
  • Consent – these men never agreed to be part of a research project;
  • Anonymity – his research was published in a book and even the names were change, it caused some troubles to men who were married and visited by someone recently.

Medical experiments that Nazis did; the electric shock experiment and the authority.

Procedure ethics. For most academics and researchers, procedural ethics are boring, bureaucratic, a limit on creativity. But they also give the research integrity and credibility; they also protect the researcher and the participants.

CUEthics. Confidentiality needs to be negotiated. Consider the risk to you and participants. Right to withdraw. Data protection – how to make sure we keep the private date safe.

Search CUEthics and create an account.

Personal ethics. How who we are shapes our research.

  • Who your is research/ practice for.
  • Who is going to benefit from it.
  • What informs your personal ethics.

How this would change if the research was: on members of your family; people from a different country; minority groups, young people. Problems with Process: our methods of research will change our approach to ethics. Our research/ practice may challenge our ethical, moral and political perspectives, e.g. feminist research. What is ‘problematic’ in our project is the same what is problematic in our lives. So, it becomes impossible to be objective.

Ethically Important Moments. How we respond to this will be based on our own personal ethics. ‘the reflexive researcher will be better placed to be aware of ethically important moments as they arise and will have a basis for responding in a way that is likely to be ethically appropriate.’

Emotional Research-Practitioner. ‘It has become increasingly fashionable for individual researchers to ‘personalize’ their accounts of fieldwork. But there has been little systematic attempt to reflect upon their experiences and emotions that are reported, in any overarching collective or epistemological sense.’ The research is emotional labor – it is work that involves regulating emotions. Face-to-face or voice-to-voice interaction; creating an emotional state in another; concealing our own internal emotions.

Emotional ethics as care of the Self. Emotional and personal ethics call on us to:

  • Recognize our own subjectivity in the research process
  • Form networks of support
  • Keep a research diary

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